Geography enables the student to see, understand and appreciate the web of relationships between people, places, and environments. The student will use the knowledge, skills, and understanding of concepts within the six essential elements of geography: world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical systems, human systems, environment and society, and the use of geography.

Kindergarten

I

Explain what a globe and map represent.

I

Use personal directions such as up, down, left, right, near and far to describe relative direction.

I

Locate places in community such as the student’s home and the classroom on the campus.

I

Identify the human characteristics of places such as types of houses and ways of earning a living.

I

Describe how weather impacts daily life.

I

 Describe seasons.

I

Identify the concept of physical features as in mountains, plains, hills, oceans, and islands.

TOP

First Grade

I

Recognize that maps and globes are representations or models of specific places.

D

Locate their home, neighborhood, and school on a visual representation.

I

Use map symbols and legends to identify locations and directions.

I

Interpret symbols that represent various forms of geographic data and use these symbols to identify locations and directions.

I

Define what cardinal directions are.

I

Locate places using cardinal directions on maps and globes.

I

Locate cities, states, countries, continents, and major bodies of water on maps and globes.

D

Describe the concept of human features as in cities, buildings, farms, roads, and railroads.

D

Locate and name the places in school and the neighborhood.

I

Identify the geographic location of the United States and Tennessee on a globe and a map.

D

Estimate distances such as from home to school.

D

Explain how land is used for different tasks in the local area.

D

Define natural resources and explain how people are dependent on them.

D

Compare and contrast natural and artificial features of the earth.

I

Describe what weather is.

TOP

Second Grade

D

Describe how the globe is a model of earth locating hemispheres, poles, and equator.

I

Recognize that natural regions are represented on different types of maps by showing physical features, climate, vegetation, and natural resources.
Create A Globe
World Atlas
Fun with Maps-lesson plan

I

Subdivide the world by positioning the equator, continents, oceans, and hemispheres on a map and globe.

The Equator

Continents

Explore With Pumpkins
 

I

Recognize that a map contains elements such as title, scale, symbols, legends, grids, and cardinal and intermediate directions.

What’s on A Map

A Map of Your Community
Map Reading

Reading Maps

Map Zone

D

Analyze how individuals and populations depend upon land resources.
Natural Resources :Can we Us Them Forever?

D

Describe the importance of physical geographic features on defining communities.
The Earth’s Rotation

D

Understand the Earth-sun relationship such as the varying length of day.
The Earth’s Orbit

I

Understand the rudimentary elements to the hydrologic cycle.
A Summary of the Hydrologic Cycle
Water Science for Schools
The Water Cycle
Drip, Drop, Water Journey
The Water Cycle - Enchanted Learning

D

List earth’s natural resources such as minerals, air, water, and land.
Natural Resources :Can we Us Them Forever?
Natural Resources

Environmental Kids Club

D

Show how landmasses and bodies of water are represented on maps and globes.
From Sea to Shining Sea
Landforms
Create a globe
u.s. map

D

Locate the state of Tennessee and its major cities on a map.
Geography of Tennessee
State Maps
graphic maps

D

Name the physical and human characteristics of the neighborhood and the community.
Take Off On The Mega Flyover Project
Build a Neighborhood

Kids Neighborhood Workshop

Community Club

Sign Walk
We all live together

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Third Grade

I

Show how the spatial elements of point, line, and area are used on a map or globe.

I

Explain the difference between relative and absolute locations.

D

Locate places on a map using cardinal and intermediate directions.

A

Recognize and use a map key.
Making Personalized Map Grids
Mapping a Garden

A

Find a specific location on a school or community map.
A Map of Your Community

A

Use absolute and relative locations to identify places on a map (i.e., north, south, east, west, borders, lines of longitude and latitude, the equator, and the north and south poles.)

Directions: Understanding North, South, East and West

Learning Directions on a Map
Longitude and Latitude

A

Utilize skills to locate a place using cardinal directions and symbols given an appropriate map with a key.
Getting Lost
Making Personalized Map Grids
Create a Compass

A

Determine the climate of a specific region of the world using a map. 
Creative Climates
Regional Climates

Regional Climates

D

List the similarities and differences of local places and regions with other places and regions.

I

List the basic components of earth’s physical systems (e.g., landforms, water, climate and weather, and erosion and deposition).  
Landforms II

I

Understand the concept of an ecosystem.

D

Describe how environments and regions differ around the world.

A

Identify the major physical components of the world (i.e., oceans, equator, continents, and hemispheres).
The Earth’s Big Features
Tropical Rainforest Cluster

A

Identify basic components of earth’s systems (i.e., landforms, water, climate, and weather). 
The Earth’s Big Features

A

Differentiate the distinguishing characteristics of ecosystems (i.e., deserts, grasslands, and rainforests). 
Ecosystems

A

Recognize the identifying characteristics of certain geographic features (i.e., peninsula, islands, continents, mountains, rivers, deserts, oceans, and forests).

NASA Landformations: Deserts

What is a Desert?
Types of land 
Label land forms 
Encyclopedia  of Physical Features

I

Understand how technology allows people to adapt the environment to meet their needs.

D

Locate the major cities of Tennessee and the world on a map or globe.

I

Describe the concept of formal (uniform) regions.

I

Define the characteristics that comprise a region.

I

Explain how change affects region and place over time.

I

Show the population distribution of the state and country.
United States

D

Differentiate between urban, suburban, and rural regions.

A

Recognize some of the major components of a culture (i.e., language, clothing, food, art, and music).
Peace Corps Kids World
Culture Quest World Tour
Global Trek

Culture Quest

A

Determine similarities and differences in the ways different cultural groups address basic human needs (i.e., food, water, clothing, and shelter) by interpreting pictures.
Culture Quest

A

Interpret a chart or map identifying major cultural groups of the world. 
Cultural Connection: The Tapestry of Life
Culture Quest

A

Recognize major global concerns (i.e., pollution, conservation of natural resources, global warming, and destruction of rainforest).
Global Warming: Kids Site
Save Our Seas
Rainforest Education
Polluted Runoff

Virtual Field Trip--Pollution

Pollution

A

Differentiate the cultural population distribution in the United States using a bar graph. 

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Fourth Grade

D

Locate major countries of the world involved in early American Development on a map or globe.
MapZone 
Continents & Oceans Interactive Quiz

D

Locate places on a map using cardinal and intermediate directions, latitude and longitude, and time zones.

D

Locate the routes of early explorers of North America on a map.

Explorer PowerPoint

A

Identify and use key geographical features on maps (i.e., mountains, rivers, plains, valleys, and forests).
Mapping It Out (PowerPoint)

A

Identify on a map the routes of Americas’ explorers (i.e., Columbus, Balboa, Pizarro, and Desoto). Enchanted Learning-Routes

A

Use latitude and longitude to identify major North American cities on a map (i.e., Boston, Mexico City, Toronto, Charleston, Savannah, Washington, DC, Philadelphia, Sante Fe, and Los Angeles).

Latitude and Longitude Lesson

Boat Safe Kids-Introduction

National Geographic
USA Latitude and Longitude Worksheet
Latitude & Longitude Lookup!

I

Explain how physical and human characteristics of places and regions within the state and the United States developed.

A

Recognize the reasons settlements are founded on major river systems. (i.e., transportation, manmade boundaries, and food and water sources).
Rivers- the basics
Rivers & Coasts

A

Determine how physical processes shape the United States' features and patterns (i.e., erosion, volcanoes, plate tectonics, and flooding).

National Geographic-Forces of Nature

PBS-Flood
Tramline-  Virtual Field trip to a Volcano
Land and Formation Activity

I

Explain how the major river systems affected the development of early settlements.

A

Recognize river systems that impacted early American history (i.e., Mississippi, Mystic, Charles, and Hudson).
Mississippi River

I

Explain how physical processes shape the United States’ features and patterns.

I

Understand the differences in early population characteristics of the state and of the United States such as density, distribution, and growth rates.

A

Determine how density, distribution, and growth rate affected United States settlement patterns.

D

Describe how geography affected the development of transportation and communication networks.

I

Explain the influences of physical and human features on historical events.

I

Explain how the patterns and processes of migration affect the development of Tennessee.

I

Explain how environmental issues such as water supply, air quality, and solid waste confronted humans when settling Tennessee.

A

Identify cause and effect relationships between population distribution and environmental issues (i.e., water supply, air quality, and solid waste).

Environment and Society

Fred the Fish

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Fifth Grade

D

Locate the major physical features and cities of the United States on a map or globe.

Graphic maps

A

Locate the 50 states using a map with each state outlined.

The 50 Nifty States

Identify the state’s location.

Timed States quiz

GeoSpy

 

A

Locate continents and significant bodies of water (i.e., the Great Lakes, Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific Oceans, Columbia, Missouri, Colorado, Rio Grande, Ohio, Tennessee, St. Lawrence and Mississippi Rivers).

Continents

United States Geography 

Locate continents and oceans

A

Locate information from an atlas entry.

National Atlas.gov          

Online atlas

A

Locate a major United States city using latitude and longitude.

Xpeditions Lesson Plan

Locate a major city or your home address using latitude and longitude

Latitude and Longitude

D

Understand the latitude, longitude, the global grid and time zones of sites within the United States and Tennessee.

D

Recognize landforms, climate, and natural resources as determining factors in the location and development of communities.

A

Recognize and compare landforms, climate, and natural resources of the three grand divisions of Tennessee.

Tennessee State Geography

Tennessee’s climate

Tennessee’s landforms
Tennessee Geography

A

Interpret a climograph.

Climograph

Interactive climate map

Climograph

D

Describe human settlement patterns and land use in the United States and Tennessee.

A

Identify the physical and political boundaries of Tennessee.

50 States

Map of TN

D

Explain human modifications of the physical environment.

D

Recognize the impact of extreme natural events on human history.

D

Recognize population characteristics of Tennessee and the United States.

Fact Finder

A

Determine America's population shifts by interpreting a population map.

Population growth through history

U.S. Census

D

Identify and locate the geographical regions of the United States.

D

Explore ways technological advances enabled people to overcome geographic barriers.

TOP

Sixth Grade

M

Use the basic elements of maps and mapping.

A

Identify the basic components of a world map (i.e., compass rose, map key, scale, latitude and longitude lines, continents, and oceans).   

M

Identify the locations of certain physical and human features and events on maps and globes.

A

Identify basic geographic forms (i.e., rivers, lakes, bays, oceans, mountains, plateaus, deserts, plains, and coastal plains).

M

Identify the location of earth’s major landforms such as continents, islands, mountain ranges, and major bodies of water such as the oceans, seas, rivers, and gulfs.

A

Use a variety of maps to understand geographic and historical information (i.e., political maps, resource maps, product maps, physical maps, climate maps, and vegetation maps).

M

Describe the location of major physical characteristics such as landforms, climate, soils, water, features, vegetation, resources, and animal life; and human characteristics such as language groups, religions, political systems, economic systems, and population centers in the world.

D

Explain how and why the location of geographic features both physical and human in the world change over time and space.

A

Recognize reasons that cultural groups develop or settle in specific physical environments.

A

Identify the location of early civilizations on a map (i.e., Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Ancient Chinese, and Indian).

D

Identify concepts that define and describe spatial organization such as location, distance, direction, scale, movement, and region.

D

Explain how changing technology such as transportation and communication technology affect spatial relationships.

D

Describe how physical and human processes shape the characteristics of a place.

D

Explain how technology shapes the physical and human characteristics of places.

D

Explain why places have specific physical and human characteristics in different parts of the world.

A

Recognize the basic components of culture (i.e., language, common values, traditions, government, art, literature, and lifestyles).

A

Identify geographic reasons for the location of population centers prior to 1500 (i.e., coastal plains, deserts, mountains, and river valleys).


 

A

Interpret a graph that illustrates a major trend in world history (i.e., population growth, economic development, governance land areas, and growth of religions).

A

Recognize how migration and cultural diffusion influenced the character of world societies (i.e., spread of religions, empire building, exploration, and languages).

TOP

Seventh Grade

M

Identify, describe, and be able to use the basic elements of maps and mapping.

A

Identify and use the basic elements of maps and mapping.

Space.com         

Canadian Geographic Map Maker               

Map  Projections              

* USGS Maps

M

Identify the location of physical and human attributes on maps and globes at local, regional, and global scales.

The Continents

A

Locate on map specific lines of longitude and latitude. (i.e.,  Prime Meridian, International Date Line, Equator, North and South Poles,  Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, and Arctic Antarctic Circles).  

Longitude and Latitude Game           

Longitude and Latitude Lesson Plan          

World Atlas.com

A

Locate the earth's major physical characteristics (i.e., 7 continents and 4 oceans).   

A

Distinguish between types of maps. (i.e., political, physical, climatic, land-use resource, contour, elevation, and topographic.)

Introduction To Maps

M

Demonstrate an understanding of various types of maps including thematic and topographic maps.

A

Interpret a map indicating scale, distance, and direction.

How To Read A Map

A

Read and interpret a time zone map.

World Time Check Page         

U.S. Naval Observatory Time Zone Map

M

Discuss applications of current geographic techniques in mapping such as GIS and GPS.

M

Identify the location of the earth’s major physical characteristics such as continents, landforms, bodies of water, climate regions, vegetation, and natural resources.

A

Identify the major river systems of Tennessee.

A

Select the natural resources found in the 3 grand divisions of Tennessee (coal, copper, timber, plants, and animals.)

A

Identify the location of the earth's major landforms and bodies of water (i.e., Rockies, Andes, Himalayas, Alps, Urals, Sahara desert, Nile River Valley, Great Plains, Mississippi River, Amazon River, Thames River, Seine River, Rhine River, Danube River, Tigris River, Eurphrates River, Ganges River, Volga River, and Yellow River).

Play Geo-net

Physical Features Game

A

Identify the six physical regions of Tennessee (i.e., Unaka Mountains, Valley and Ridge, Cumberland Plateau, Highland Rim, Central Basin, and Gulf Coastal Plain).

M

Identify the location and size of major human features such as cities, political units, and countries.

A

Distinguish the differences among rural, suburban, and urban communities.

M

Explain why physical, biological, and human processes leave discernable patterns on the earth’s surface locally, regionally, and globally.

M

Identify the spatial distribution of major ecosystems such as tropical rainforest, desert, and grassland.

A

Identify the characteristics that define a region geographically.

Defining A Region

M

Identify concepts and geographic tools used to define and describe spatial organization such as absolute and relative location, distance, direction, scale, movement, and region.

M

Explain patterns of spatial organization including why some areas are more densely settled than others and the differences between rural, urban, and suburban patterns.

A

Define demographic concepts. (i.e., population, population distribution, population density, and growth rate).

A

Compare the five largest cities of Tennessee using a bar graph.

M

Describe factors that affect spatial organization of the earth’s surface such as transportation, migration, and communication technology.

M

Identify which features on the earth’s surface are physical and which are human.

A

Recognize specific physical processes that operate on the earth’s surface (i.e., erosion, volcanoes, earthquakes, wind and water currents, plate tectonics, and weathering).         

Erosion

M

Describe how physical, biological, and human characteristics and processes define and shape a place.

M

Describe how human movement and migration influence the character of a place.

M

Appraise the symbiotic relationship between the physical and human environments as they are reflected on the earth’s surface.

M

Identify the criteria used to define a region, including physical traits and formal, functional, and vernacular cultural regions.

M

Describe types of regions at the local, regional, and global level.

M

Describe how cultures influence the characteristics of regions and how human characteristics make specific regions of the world distinctive.

M

Explain factors that contribute to changing regional characteristics and boundaries.

M

Identify types of the earth’s physical processes such as tectonic activity, and changing landforms.

M

Consider the effect of weathering and erosion, the hydrologic cycle and climate change.

M

Analyze physical patterns and ecosystems found locally, regionally, and globally.

M

Examine the consequences of a specific physical process operating on the earth’s surface.

M

Describe how the characteristics of different physical environments affect human activities including ways in which people adapt to living in different physical environments.

M

Describe the impact and interaction of natural hazards and disasters on human settlements and systems.

M

Evaluate the limits and opportunities of physical environments for human activities.

M

Describe effects of human modification on the physical environment including global warming, deforestation, desertification, and urbanization.

M

Explain the ways in which human induced changes in the physical environment in one place can cause changes in other places.

M

Analyze the environmental consequences of humans changing the physical environment.

A

Recognize the definitions of modifications on the physical environment (i.e., global warming, deforestation, desert, and urbanization).

A

Analyze the environmental consequences of humans changing their physical environment (i.e., air and water pollution, mining, deforestation, and global warming).

M

Identify the characteristics of populations at a variety of scales including ethnicity, age distribution, number of males and females, and life expectancy.

A

Interpret a population pyramid.

M

Define demographic concepts including population, population distribution, population density, growth rate, family size, and infant mortality.

A

Define demographic concepts (i.e., population, population distribution, population density, growth rate, family size, and infant mortality).

A

Recognize cultural definitions (i.e., language, religion, customs, political system, and economic system.

A

Locate cultural information on a thematic map (i.e., languages, political systems, economic systems, and religions).

M

Describe the causes and effects of human migration such as "push and pull" factors.

M

Analyze contemporary population issues.

A

Predict the consequences of population changes on the Earth’s physical and cultural environments (I.e., air and water pollution, mining, deforestation, and global).

A

View and discuss a show which shows a diverse global culture.  

TOP

Eighth Grade

M

Locate major countries and regions of the world on a map or globe focusing on those countries and regions that relate to the development of North America.

A

Identify and use the key geographic elements on maps (i.e., island, flood plain, swamp, delta, marsh, harbor, cape, sea level, bay, prairie, desert, oasis, mesa, mountain, valley, glacier, canyon, cliff, and plateau).

A

Use various geographic data from maps and globes to determine longitude, latitude, distance, and direction.

A

Recognize how topographical features such as mountain and river systems influenced the settlement and expansion of the United States (i.e., Cumberland Gap, Wilderness Road, and Ohio and Tennessee river systems).

M

Identify the routes of contact between the Americas and Europe, Asia, and Africa.

A

Interpret a geographic map of the early United States.

D

Illustrate the geographic exchange of ideas, materials, and goods between the Americas and the rest of the world prior to the Civil War.

A

Recognize the definition of religion.

M

Identify major landforms, bodies of water, cities, and states.

D

Identify the physical, economic, and cultural regions of the United States.

M

Explain the factors that contribute to the placement of cities and boundaries.

M

Explain how physical features such as major river and mountain systems affected the development of early Native American and early European settlements.

A

Interpret examples which illustrate how cultures adapt to or change the environment (i.e., deforestation, subsistence farming, cash crop, and dam and road building).

D

Explain how environmental factors influenced the way of life of the various peoples of the Americas.

D

Describe how geographic features affected the development of transportation and communication networks.

D

Explain the influences of geographic features both physical and human on historical events.

D

Explain how physical processes shape the United States’ features and patterns.

D

Understand the differences in population characteristics of the United States such as density, distribution, and growth rates.

D

Explain how processes of migration affected development of settlements in the United States.

M

Explain how environmental issues such as water supply and resource availability influenced settlement patterns.

D

List the causes of migration and immigration.

A

Interpret a chart or map of population characteristics of the early United States (i.e., density, distribution, and regional growth).

A

 Recognize how immigration and cultural diffusion have influenced the character of a place (i.e., religion within certain colonies, African songs in the American south, and British vs. French influences).

D

Discuss the economic and social impact of immigration and migration on a region or country.

D

Categorize causes of migration and immigration into "push and pull" factors.

Lesson Plans

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Topics

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Interactive Activities

PowerPoint Presentations

Grade 3 What are landforms?  Michelle Strange
Grades 3-5 Writing Across Curriculum Natural Resources
Grade 5 General Geography (Hardin County Schools, KY)
Grades 3-5 Writing Across Curriculum Kinds of Communities
Grades 3-5 Writing Across Curriculum Continents and Oceans
Grades 3-5 Writing Across Curriculum LandformsGrades 3-5 Natural Wonders of North America Download
Grades 3-5 Landforms View the Presentation  Download the Presentation
Grades 3-6 States and Capitals (Wild Team Presentation)
Grade 4 Social Studies Jeopardy
Grade 4-5 Hoops All Subjects

Lines, Maps, and Globes

Communities (Nebo School District Presentation)
Grade 4-5 U.S. Geography, courtesy Mr. Hostetter's, Mountain View Elementary School
Mr. Neal's Geography PowerPoint Collection
Bill of Rights (Nebo School District Presentation)
Checks and Balances (Nebo School District Presentation)
Constitution (Nebo School District Presentation)

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Worksheets

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Connie Campbell               Jefferson County Schools