Geography enables the student to see, understand and
appreciate the web of relationships between people, places,
and environments. The student will use the knowledge,
skills, and understanding of concepts within the six
essential elements of geography: world in spatial terms,
places and regions, physical systems, human systems,
environment and society, and the use of geography.
continents and significant bodies of water (i.e., the Great
Lakes, Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific Oceans, Columbia,
Missouri, Colorado, Rio Grande, Ohio, Tennessee, St.
Lawrence and Mississippi Rivers).
Identify the basic components of a world map (i.e., compass
rose, map key, scale, latitude and longitude lines,
continents, and oceans).
Identify the locations of certain physical and human
features and events on maps and globes.
Identify basic geographic forms (i.e., rivers, lakes, bays,
oceans, mountains, plateaus, deserts, plains, and coastal
Identify the location of
earth’s major landforms such as continents, islands,
mountain ranges, and major bodies of water such as the
oceans, seas, rivers, and gulfs.
a variety of maps to understand geographic and historical
information (i.e., political maps, resource maps, product
maps, physical maps, climate maps, and vegetation maps).
Describe the location of
major physical characteristics such as landforms, climate,
soils, water, features, vegetation, resources, and animal
life; and human characteristics such as language groups,
religions, political systems, economic systems, and
population centers in the world.
Explain how and why the
location of geographic features both physical and human in
the world change over time and space.
reasons that cultural groups develop or settle in specific
Identify the location of
early civilizations on a map (i.e., Mesopotamian, Egyptian,
Ancient Chinese, and Indian).
Identify concepts that
define and describe spatial organization such as location,
distance, direction, scale, movement, and region.
Explain how changing technology such as transportation and
communication technology affect spatial relationships.
Describe how physical and human processes shape the
characteristics of a place.
Explain how technology shapes the physical and human
characteristics of places.
Explain why places have specific physical and human
characteristics in different parts of the world.
Recognize the basic components of culture (i.e., language,
common values, traditions, government, art, literature, and
Identify geographic reasons for the location of population
centers prior to 1500 (i.e., coastal plains, deserts,
mountains, and river valleys).
Interpret a graph that illustrates a major trend in world
history (i.e., population growth, economic development,
governance land areas, and growth of religions).
Recognize how migration and cultural diffusion influenced
the character of world societies (i.e., spread of religions,
empire building, exploration, and languages).
Discuss applications of
current geographic techniques in mapping such as GIS and
Identify the location of
the earth’s major physical characteristics such as
continents, landforms, bodies of water, climate regions,
vegetation, and natural resources.
Identify the major river systems of Tennessee.
Select the natural resources found in the 3 grand divisions
of Tennessee (coal, copper, timber, plants, and animals.)
Identify the location of the earth's major landforms and
bodies of water (i.e., Rockies, Andes, Himalayas, Alps, Urals,
Sahara desert, NileRiver Valley, Great Plains, Mississippi River,
Amazon River, Thames River, SeineRiver, RhineRiver, Danube River, Tigris
River, Eurphrates River, Ganges River, VolgaRiver, and Yellow River).
Locate major countries
and regions of the world on a map or globe focusing on those
countries and regions that relate to the development of
Identify and use the key
geographic elements on maps (i.e., island, flood plain,
swamp, delta, marsh, harbor, cape, sea level, bay, prairie,
desert, oasis, mesa, mountain, valley, glacier, canyon,
cliff, and plateau).
Use various geographic data
from maps and globes to determine longitude, latitude,
distance, and direction.
Recognize how topographical features such as mountain and
river systems influenced the settlement and expansion of the
United States (i.e., Cumberland Gap, Wilderness Road,
and Ohio and Tennessee river systems).
Identify the routes of
contact between the Americas and Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Interpret a geographic map of
the early United States.
geographic exchange of ideas, materials, and goods between
the Americas and the rest of the world prior to the Civil
Recognize the definition of
Identify major landforms, bodies of water, cities, and
Identify the physical, economic, and cultural regions of the
Explain the factors that contribute to the placement of
cities and boundaries.
Explain how physical features such as major river and
mountain systems affected the development of early Native
American and early European settlements.
Interpret examples which illustrate how cultures adapt to or
change the environment (i.e., deforestation, subsistence
farming, cash crop, and dam and road building).
Explain how environmental factors influenced the way of life
of the various peoples of the Americas.
Describe how geographic features affected the development of
transportation and communication networks.
Explain the influences of geographic features both physical
and human on historical events.
Explain how physical processes shape the United States’
features and patterns.
Understand the differences in population characteristics of
the United States such as density, distribution, and growth
Explain how processes of migration affected development of
settlements in the United States.
Explain how environmental issues such as water supply and
resource availability influenced settlement patterns.
the causes of migration and immigration.
Interpret a chart or map of population characteristics of
the early United States (i.e., density, distribution, and
Recognize how immigration and cultural diffusion have
influenced the character of a place (i.e., religion within
certain colonies, African songs in the American south, and
British vs. French influences).
Discuss the economic and social impact of immigration and
migration on a region or country.
Categorize causes of migration and immigration into "push
and pull" factors.