                  Lesson Plans, Interactive Activities, Worksheets, and Links for Grades K - 12 Measurement

Key:  I = Introduced, D = Developing, A = State Assessed, M = Mastered

First Grade
 D Compare and order objects according to length, capacity, and weight. D Recognize the need for standard units of measurement. D Demonstrate understanding of the concept of length. D Measure and estimate length using a variety of nonstandard units. I Use a ruler to measure a line segment to the nearest inch or centimeter. I Use scales to weigh an object to nearest pound or kilogram. D Recognize that a calendar is a way of measuring time. I Mark specified days and dates on a calendar and describe the relationship between days and months. D Determine time to the nearest hour and half-hour, using a standard clock. I Compare units of time. D Use a thermometer to measure temperature and determine the hotter/colder temperature by selecting the higher/lower column of two thermometers.

Second Grade
 D Compare and order objects according to length, capacity, and weight. I Demonstrate understanding of the concepts of perimeter and area. I Identify what can be measured about objects in the environment. D Identify time to the hour, half-hour, and quarter-hour. http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/snapdragon/yesflash/time-1.htm  (English /Welsh) ELL D Relate days, dates, weeks, and months to a calendar. D Explain the relationship between inches and feet. D Measure length to the nearest centimeter, foot, half-inch, and inch. I Estimate lengths and time intervals. I Solve problems involving elapsed time in hours. I Measure and estimate weight and capacity using a variety of nonstandard units. I Find area and perimeter using nonstandard units. D Read thermometers with Fahrenheit and Celsius scales.

Third Grade
 D Determine when an estimate of a measurement is sufficient. D Demonstrate understanding of the concepts of perimeter, area, and capacity. A Solve real-world problems using a calendar. A Solve real-world problems involving addition and subtraction of one- or two-digit measurements. D Use strategies to estimate or determine length, perimeter, area, capacity, weight, time, and temperature. A Use estimation to determine if a length measurement is reasonable. D Explain the relationships among inches, feet, and yards. D Measure to the nearest centimeter, foot, half-inch, and inch. A Measure length to the nearest centimeter and inch. D Measure to the nearest liter, cup, pint, quart, and gallon. D Measure to the nearest ounce, pound, kilogram, and gram. D Find the perimeter of polygons. A Find the perimeter of a rectangle on a grid. D Select and apply the most appropriate standard units of length, area, capacity, weight, time, and temperature. A Select an appropriate standard unit to measure length. D Solve real-world problems involving measurement. A Solve real-world problems involving elapsed time to the half-hour. A Read thermometers with Fahrenheit and Celsius scales (positive whole number temperatures). A Read and write time at five-minute intervals. A Read and write time to the nearest hour, half-hour, and quarter-hour.

Fourth Grade
 D Demonstrate understanding of the concepts of length, perimeter, area, weight, capacity, volume, time, and angle measure. D Estimate using standard units of measure. A Select appropriate standard units to measure length, perimeter, area, capacity, volume, weight, time, temperature, and angles. A Use estimation to determine if a length or volume measurement is reasonable. I Demonstrate understanding that measurements are approximations. D Demonstrate understanding of the relationships among units of length. D Explore perimeter and area using a variety of models (e.g., geoboards, graph paper). A Find the perimeter of rectangles. D Select and use tools to measure weight and volume in customary or metric units. A Measure length to the nearest 1/4 inch or nearest centimeter. A Tell time to the nearest minute. A Read temperature using Fahrenheit and Celsius thermometers. D Develop strategies for estimating the perimeters and areas (such as counting square units) of geometric figures. A Apply the formula for finding the area of a rectangle. A Solve real-world problems involving addition and subtraction of measurements. A Solve real-world problems involving elapsed time to the quarter-hour.

Fifth Grade
 D Demonstrate understanding of the concepts of length, perimeter, circumference, area, weight, capacity, volume, elapsed time, and angle measure. D Demonstrate understanding that measurements are approximations. I Understand how differences in units affect precision of measurements. D Demonstrate understanding of the relationships among the units within both customary and metric systems of measurement. A Connect simple units of measurement within the same system of measurement. A Use estimation to determine if a length or volume measurement is reasonable. A Select appropriate standard units to measure length, perimeter, area, capacity, volume, weight, time, temperature, and angles. D Explore what happens to measurements of a two-dimensional shape when the shape is changed in some way (e.g., perimeter, area). A Use strategies to estimate perimeter and area of rectangles. D Select and use appropriate standard units to measure length, perimeter, area, capacity, volume, weight, time, temperature, and angles. D Select and use appropriate tools for measuring in real-world situations. A Use a ruler to measure to the nearest centimeter and ¼ inch. A Solve real-world problems involving addition and subtraction of measurements. A Solve real-world problems involving perimeter and area of rectangles. A Solve real-world problems involving elapsed time. A Read temperatures on a thermometer using Fahrenheit and Celsius scales. A Apply formulas to find the area of parallelograms and triangles. D Explain and demonstrate how scale in maps and drawings shows relative size and distance. I Develop informal strategies to determine the surface area and volume of rectangular solids.

Seventh Grade
 M Understand both metric and customary systems of measurement. A Convert from one unit to another within the same system. A Select units of appropriate size and type to measure angles, perimeter, area, surface area, and volume. D Understand, select, and use units of appropriate size and type to measure angles, perimeter, areas, surface area, and volume. A Estimate length, perimeter, circumference, area, and volume using a variety of strategies. A Determine the distance between two points on the x- or the y-axis in Quadrant I. D Select and apply techniques and tools to accurately measure length, perimeter, area, volume, and angles to appropriate levels of precision. A Apply formulas to determine the areas of rectangles, triangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and circles. D Develop and use formulas to determine the circumference of circles. A Find or estimate area of irregular and complex shapes. I Develop strategies to determine the surface area and volume of selected prisms and cylinders. D Construct tables and graphs to represent rates of change. A Solve problems involving scale factors using ratios and proportions.

Eighth Grade

M

Understand both metric and customary systems of measurement.

A

Convert from one unit to another within the same system.

A

Select units of appropriate size and type to measure angles, perimeter, area, surface area, and volume.

A

Estimate length, perimeter, circumference, area, and volume using a variety of strategies.

D

Select and apply techniques and tools to accurately measure length, perimeter, area, volume, and angles to appropriate levels of precision.

A

Apply formulas to find the circumference  and area of circles.

A

Apply formulas to find the area of triangles, parallelograms, and trapezoids.

A

Estimate or find the area of irregular and complex shapes.

I

Apply given formulas to find volume of selected prisms and cylinders.

D

Compare and contrast the volumes of a variety of geometric solids.

A

Solve real-world problems involving rate/time/distance (i.e., d = rt).

A

Solve problems involving scale factors using ratios and proportion.

A

Solve real-world problems using the Pythagorean theorem (no radicals).

D

Construct tables and graphs to represent rates of change.

D

Find measures using proportional relationships and properties of similar figures.

### Determine the measures of angles by applying angle relationships (e.g., complementary, supplementary, interior, exterior, and vertical corresponding). Amie Lambert Jefferson County Schools