Conventions Used for Scoring Running Records
Some examples taken from An Observation Survey by Marie Clay, Heinemann, 1993. The publisher and author gives permission to copy the pages for teachers to use with students but not for commercial use.
(The text is written below the line and what the child says is written above the line.)
"Wake up, Bill,"
**** If a child tries several times to read a word, record all his trials.
Example: `Child: here/ h--/ home
This counts as one error.
Example: Child: h--/ho--/home
This does not count as an error.
Text: I want to go.
If the child makes an error in a name, the child is told the name and the error is counted only one time, even if the child repeatedly makes an error on the name. It is noted, but counted only as one error. For example, if a child substitutes Mary for Marion many times in the text, it counts only as one error. However, if a child repeatedly substitutes run for ran in the text, it counts as an error each time.
Text: the little dog
Text: the house
Example: Child: I want to go (pause longer than 5 seconds)
Text: I want to go home.
2 (no error): A/SC
An appeal for help from the child is turned back to the child for further effort before telling the word. The teacher will often say "Try something." or "You try it."
Repetition is not counted as error behavior. Sometimes it is used to confirm
a previous attempt. Often it results in self-correction. R is used to indicate
the repetition of a word. R2 or R3 indicates the number of repetitions.
Text: Here is the little house.
Repetition can be a word, a phrase, or an entire sentence. While a Repetition
itself is not counted as an error, it can result as an error, a self-correction,
or an affirmation of a correct response.